Madrid stands for everything that a modern European capital should be all about: a rich cultural core with an entertaining nightlife outlining. It was built in 854, as one of many Muslim outposts that were supposed to protect the Iberian Peninsula from Christian re-conquest; it was called Magerit back then, derived from "majira" which means "water source" in Arabic. During early 14th century Madrid began to attract the wealthy and powerful of Spain, because of its localization in the center of the peninsula, but it was a pretty grim sight back then. People heard that the royal family was slowly settling there, so they followed the money, just to arrive to a huge mess. A hundred years later, Madrid started looking like a proper city, but only from a distance, towers and walls were built from dirt and mud as was most of the housing. It's funny how one of the worlds' most impressive capitals started out as someone's sandbox playground. 1561 was the year that this contrast of makeshift huts, palaces, noble villas and churches finally claimed the title of the First City of Spain. It took Madrid some five hundred years to become one of the most sophisticated and fun places on earth.
Gran Via is the main street, the lifeline of this city, everything there is to see and experience is on either side of that route. Plaza del Callao is located, more or less, in the middle of that street, it's Madrid's Times Square, I'm not a fan of all the billboards and advertisements but that's the world we live in. There are shopping malls, cinemas, restaurants and cafes, but nothing special or worth mentioning. The entire area is infested with petty thieves and scammers so watch your back. Puerta del Sol, one of the former city gates is, with a statue of a bear eating from a strawberry tree, the symbol of Madrid. I have to admit I didn't even know that strawberries grew on trees. The San Miguel market is about 10 minutes away, an almost century-old market that recently got remodeled into one of the most hip spots in town. It's this worldwide trend where markets aren't just areas where you can buy fresh meats and produce, but also social centers where you can meet friends for spectacular food and drinks.
The Royal Palace is usually the most important part of any trip to Madrid, among the largest in Europe, has been home to the royal family since the 9th century. There are 3500 rooms in that building, imagine the upkeep costs of something like that. It's great from the outside but even better from the inside. Keep in mind that you'll have to stand in lines for hours, especially during the summer. Personally I'd rather spend that time in the Sabatini Gardens, right next to the palace, great spot for a picnic. The Spanish like to take their time with everything, that no-rush, siesta mentality reflects in everything they do, particularly in building stuff. Take the Almudena Cathedral for example, they started the construction in the 16th century and finished in 1993, took them 300 years, that's a lot of siestas, you can enjoy one on the upper floor, overlooking the city.
Madrid is famous for its art galleries, namely the Golden Three, also known as the Art Triangle, or the Golden Triangle of Art. The Thyssen Gallery boasts one of the most impressive collections in the word with pieces painted by Van Gogh, Rembrandt and many others. Reina Sofia is a piece of art by itself and Picasso's masterpieces are just an addition. Prado is the third and final stop on this art pilgrimage with a hoard so enormous they can only show a small percentage of it, even though the building itself is gigantic. Malasaña is where you go when you want to meet the locals and experience the culture from within. It is boasting bars, pubs, cafés, shops and best street food in town without breaking your budget. Sign up for one of those pub crawls advertised online, it's a great way to meet some hot Spanish chicks, get wasted on free drinks while munching on those delicious tapas. Don't miss out on Flamenco, book a table at Corral dela Moreria (http://www.corraldelamoreria.com/), one of the most recognized tablaos in Madrid and enjoy this very unique show.